A Model United Nations is a simulation of the Committees’ works of the United Nations. Each participant acts as delegate of a member country of the United Nations, representing its positions and the legislative decisions in order to find common solutions, while having a debate with the other countries.
When was it organized for the first time?
The first simulation of an international organization occurred before the foundation of the United Nations. In the nineteen-twenties, some students took part in a simulation of the League of Nations. The schedule that nowadays regulates the MUNs actually derives from these early experiences, when it was first activated.
Who can participate?
The popularity of the Model United Nations is continuously increasing and more than 400.000 students of secondary school and university level all over the world take part in these simulations every year. A great number of current political leaders participated in the Model United Nations during their academic career.
Who can be a Model United Nations delegate?
A delegate is a student who acts as an ambassador at the United Nations during a simulation. The candidate does not need any experience in the field of international relations, everyone can actually decide to participate provided that he/she has the ambition to learn something new and to work with the other delegates to make the world a better place.
Internationality, diplomacy and great reliability were what inspired us to create something similar: an event aiming to involve a considerable number of schools and many students coming from allover the world.
The first three editions of OberMUN involved a great part of our school, from the younger students to the ones of the final year.
The events took place in the palaces of the main local institutions such as Regione Friuli-Venezia Giulia, CEI (Central European Initiative) and Prefettura di Trieste, with the participation of students from different cities, regions, and countries.
More than a hundred delegates, divided into 6 committees, have worked hard for three days to elaborate a final resolution for each one of the topics presented. It has been a widely recognised success for an unprecedented event in our town.
After two years in which we all experienced various difficulties due to the COVID-19 situation, OberMUN was able to express itself in the best way in 2023 for the second time after the pandemic.
Our delegates practiced extensively to prepare for the event held in Trieste from 31 March to 2 April; the success of these debates, in fact, was certainly positive as the topics dealt with various aspects of our society and all possible situations were taken into consideration, taking into account the different resources of each country to arrive at a more targeted conclusion, useful and realized but above all without resorting to the use of violence.
The delegates, the Chairs, the professors, the HOs and all those who actively participated in the organization made OberMUN 2023 a unique and special event.
Furthermore, a fundamental characteristic that each delegate acquires by participating in the debate is learning to listen to others and to defend the positions of their own country represented, thus coming into contact with the culture of the latter.
The event was held in various conference rooms in our city, Trieste, thanks to the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region, the institutions and all the sponsors who helped us make this possible. The gala dinner was, however, a special occasion for everyone to get to know new people from other schools in Italy and other countries who participated in OberMUN 2023 together with our high school.
This project is, in fact, extremely educational as each role requires skills and abilities which, although referable to a school level, will be able to give a first example of a team work context with gradually increasing responsibilities depending on the tasks assigned.
OberMUN 2023, therefore, was a very productive event that left every single person with a vivid and unforgettable memory. We sincerely hope to have the same opportunities next year to be able to repeat this wonderful experience together.
Delegates debate the MUN topics and issues: each school sends a number of delegates who will participate in the committees together with the delegates of the hosting school. The main body of the MUN consists of committees dealing with various topics, formed by different delegates, each representing one Nation or an NGO. The main goal of the debate is to come to proposal agreements or solutions regarding the issues discussed and to formalize them in a Resolution Paper. The debate is led and moderated by the Chairs, and all the participating delegates must adhere to a strict protocol in order to maintain a diplomatic and respectful behaviour during the discussion and allow each delegate to speak and state the position of their country.
The delegates’ voices:
“OberMUN has been an event in which I have gladly chosen to participate three times during my Oberdan career. I would therefore strongly recommend taking part in it to any student that, being fluent in the English language, is willing to accept a challenge and meet new people in an engaging experience.”
- Andrea Stoppani
“After participating in OberMUN, I can say that it has contributed to raise my awareness regarding both intern and foreign politics. I learned that it's always necessary to look deep in the position of every party to fully understand the issues we want to tackle and ensure the most optimal decisions.
On the personal level, OberMUN has been instructive especially in managing private discussions thanks to the procedures written in the flow of debate. It is no surprise for me that MUNs are the ideal getaway especially for students who have the intention to study international law.”
- Federico Suran
“Personally, OberMUN was a great opportunity to get out of my comfort zone by doing something I’ve never done before. The whole staff was just amazing. Moreover, the project gave me the chance to represent a country that has a completely different point of view from mine, because of this, by the end of the event I was more open minded than before”.
- Irene Giuressi
The main goal of a MUN is to reach a resolution for every one of the topics presented. Therefore, below you can find last year’s edition resolution paper structured by the members of the OHCHR commission.
The Commission of OHCHR of the High Commissioner for Human Rights reached this resolution for the first topic: “International definition of the regulation of the power of the police forces on the citizens”, which was submitted by all the delegations and sponsored by the delegations of Russian Federation, Italy and France. The resolution stated that countries have to tackle the issue of abuse of power by police forces by implementing a detailed regulamentation, providing police forces with adequate training and establishing proper punishments for the ones who abuse power.
TOPIC A: International definition of the regulation of the power of the police forces on the citizens.
The states parties to the OHCHR committee:
Recognizing that some countries still do not have proper legislation for the use of physical force, special means and firearms;
Noting the stressful job that the police officers have, and the psychological pressure under which they are put daily;
Emphasizing the importance of the training and the education on diversity and to lay the proper foundations for law enforcement to deal with the most difficult situations;
Considering that many protests are organized without the government's consent and many of which become violent;
Acknowledging the need for punishments for misbehaviors by police officers;
Having regard to the importance of the sensibilization among the population in order to include as many ethnicities as possible;
Conscious of the usefulness of cameras to prevent and report cases of abuse of power.
The OHCHR committee has reached the following proposals:
1. The implementation and the creation of a detailed regulamentation and legislation for the use of:
1. physical force,
2. special means,
2. In order for them to be always ready and responsive to guarantee justice:
1. provide mental and psychological support;
2. do regular check-ups on mental health;
3. Giving the police forces adequate training, which will include:
1. studying communication, negotiation and persuasion techniques, in order to avoid unnecessary violent acts;
2. regulations about when and how to use firearms, which will be when only strictly necessary;
3. sensibilization about equality between different ethnicities and religious minorities when this is not going against the laws of the country;
4. the usage of a warning system, so as to prevent unnecessary use of violence and weapons, especially firearms;
4. To stop violence from being used on crowds, it is suggested the NOT mandatory use of social media and the Internet to check on the development of illegal protests:
1. to trace when and where these protests are going to take place and to estimate the number of participants;
2. to then organize the tactics to disperse the crowd and to prepare the team of police officers in charge at the protest, that have the aim of preventing the use of physical force, special means and firearms;
5. Creation of appropriate punishments for the police officers who abused their power; these punishments will not be managed on an international level, but by each country on its own, in respect of every State’s different laws and regulations;
6. Creation of NOT mandatory campaigns among the population, in order to raise awareness about the diversity of the communities and to involve as many ethnicities as possible to take part in the police forces;
7. Implementation of the cameras in the street where necessary and also the NOT mandatory implementation of body cameras on the officers;
8. Acknowledging the need for punishments for misbehaviors by police officers;
9. Having regard to the importance of the sensibilization among the population in order to include as many ethnicities as possible;
10. Conscious of the usefulness of cameras to prevent and report cases of abuse of power.
After the spread of Covid-19 and its negative impact on interpersonal relations throughout the world, OberMUN 2024’s goal is to grant students from all over the world the opportunity to work together and cooperate in order, not only to discover the importance of international diplomacy but also to place social connections at the center of people's lives again.
The path of OberMUN is full of emotions that only such an experience can give. Since the first year, each edition of OberMUN leaves in the participants unspeakable and unique feelings. Our goal is to make the 2024 edition again an opportunity for union, collaboration and above all friendship in order to create unforgettable memories in the minds and hearts of all participants, from ushers to Head Organizers, like a big family.
For the 2024 edition, we intend to make the event even more realistic and current than the last one. To do this we hope to increase the number of commissions and choose topics that are as current as possible. In addition, for this edition we want to realize what was designed in the previous years: finally introduce the Crisis DISEC committee. This commission will be the most engaging for the lucky ones who will take part: delegates will not have a minute of calm, live news about the topic will arrive, forcing the delegates to adapt to the situation.
One of the main goals of OberMUN has always been promoting dialogue about very important and current issues among the new generations. In the 2024 edition, we aim to continue our efforts in this direction because we think that it is of fundamental importance for students to start speaking in public to defend a certain position and to start learning about the biggest issues which nowadays affect mankind.
Ultima revisione il 22-01-2024